Answer: Herman Julius Oberth and Werner Von Braun
Both scientists were keen rockets enthsiasts from an early age – Von Braun was even an apprentice to Oberth in 1929, at the age of 18. Both men were caught up in the Nazi regime’s Army Research Center in Peenemünde, where they helped develop the V2 rocket, among other top-secret projects.
Like a number of prominent German rocket scientists formerly under the employ of the Nazis, they moved to the US where Oberth found himself working for none other than his former assistant, Wernher von Braun.
Oberth contributed ideas to the next decade of space technology and also became a technical consultant on the Atlas rocket programme: this was the rocket that launched the first four US astronauts into orbit and has gone on to be involved in around 600 launches across its five basic models. Von Braun, meanwhile, pioneered the Saturn V rocket and became a prominent member of NASA.
In the new look issue 9 of History of War magazine – on sale today – you can read about Hitler’s Brutal Waffen SS – a faction of the infamous Nazi paramilitary group that both Oberth and Von Braun were obliged to join while working on the V2 rocket programme.
Explore the history of the AK-47, one of the most recognisable weapons in the world, and why it became such a popular assault rifle.
And see History of War magazine’s top 20 Battlefield Turning Points, and how they changed the world.
Plus loads more, including Nelson’s final battle, a 14-page special on the Special Forces, a blow-by-blow account of the Iranian Embassy siege and America versus Mexico – the bloody birth of the United States.