Asked by Janet Darren
Plants would struggle to grow in the different and harsher conditions on the surface of Mars. The lower gravity, lower light levels, different atmosphere and nutrient-lacking soil on the Red Planet would make it difficult for Earth-adapted plants to survive without assistance.
Future human settlers on the surface would need to construct greenhouses or special modules where they can re-create more optimal conditions for crops to grow, potentially growing them hydroponically, without soil. Being able to farm will be an essential skill for a colonist of Mars.
Horticulture experiments currently underway on the International Space Station (ISS) will help us prepare for a future where we could grow food on other planets, moons or even in space itself.
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